Baldwin is also known as Woodpecker, Pecker and Butters. It was first discovered as a chance seedling in Wilmington, Massachusetts, USA, 1740. It was the most popular all-purpose dessert apple in the United States until it was killed during harsh winters between 1934-1935 and was replaced by McIntosh. The original tree died in the mid 1800's, but is marked by a monument to the Baldwin apple.
The apple is smaller than McIntosh, medium sized but dense and heavy, with yellow to flushed/striped brick red and bronze. This heirloom is crisp, juicy, with sweet to subacid flavor, aromatic, and firm. It is very hard and thick skinned, good for shipping. Good cider base, and great for pies. The fruit contains 13.64% sugar which ferments to 6% alcohol.
The tree is slow to bear, long-lived, and usually a productive and vigorous tree. Can tend towards biennial or even triennial production. Triploid. Susceptible to apple scap and Baldwin spot, but resistant to Cedar Apple Rust. Ripens in October in upstate New York and will keep till February. Hardy to zone 4.